Diesel fuel is a petrochemical product used as fuel in special diesel engines. This type of fuel, which is obtained during the process of distillation of oil from kerosene-gas oil fractions. Diesel fuel is a viscous and hardly volatile liquid, which consists mainly of carbon. You may found other elements such as hydrogen, oxygen, sulfur and nitrogen in its structure.
People used to call diesel fuel as “diesel”. The name of diesel fuel comes from the German word Solarol (solar oil) - this is the ancient name for the yellowish fraction formed during the distillation of oil.
Diesel fuel has a wide range of applications, mainly for transport, diesel power plants, agricultural and military equipment. Also, diesel fuel is used as fuel for boiler rooms.

Diesel fuel

Diesel fuel in Turkmenistan

The Turkmenbashi complex of oil refineries (abbreviated as TKNPZ), under the leadership of the Ministry of the Oil and Gas Industry and Mineral Resources of Turkmenistan, is one of the largest oil refineries in Turkmenistan. The construction of the plant began in 1942 and year after year it was modernized and new ultra-modern and productive plants were put into operation. In 2011, major repairs were carried out, as well as a number of necessary technological operations. Today, the Plant produces products such as gasoline, liquefied gas, aviation and technical kerosene, jet and diesel fuel, lubricating oils, low-sulfur heating oil, polypropylene, gas oil, petroleum electrode coke, bitumen (building and road) , technical sulfur and synthetic detergents.
The products manufactured by the plant meet all international standards and are in demand not only inside Turkmenistan, but also abroad. Most products are intended for export to neighboring countries, the CIS and Europe. The main consumer countries are Russia, Germany, Spain, Italy, Japan, China, Turkey, Iran, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Uzbekistan and other countries.
The capacity of TKNPZ is 10 million tons of products annually.

Diesel fuel from Turkmenistan1
Diesel fuel from Turkmenistan2
Diesel fuel from Turkmenistan3

Turkmenbashy Oil Refinery complex

Diesel Fuel from little sulfurous crude oil (L-02-62)
No. Description of index figure
1 Cetane number, not less than 45
2 Fraction composition:
- 50% 0C, not more than
- 96% 0C, not more than

3 Kinematic viscosity 200С, mm2/s, (sSt) 3,0-6,0
4 Pour point, 0С, not more than -10
5 Cloud point, 0С, not more than -5
6 Flash point in close cup, 0С, not less than
- for diesel locomotive and ship engines and gas turbines
- for diesels of the general-purpose
- for diesels of the general - purpose

7 Mass portion of sulfur, %, not more than 0,2
8 Mass portion of mercaptane sulfur, %, not more than 0,008
9 Mass portion of hydrogen sulfide no
10 Copper plate testing ok
11 Presence of acids and bases, soluble in water no
12 Actual resin concentration, mg 100 sm3 fuel, not more than 40
13 Acidity, mg KOH by 100 sm3, not more than 10
14 Iodine number, mg I2 for 100g, not more than 6
15 Ash contents, % weight, not more than 0,005
16 Carbon residue of 10% remainder %, not more than 0,25
17 Filtering factor, not more than 3,0
18 Presence of mechanical impurities no
19 Presence of water no
20 Density 200С, kg/m3, not more than 860
  • 1. From 1 March before 1 November production and using fuel allowed with pour point not above 0 0C (without determination of the cloud point) and contents of water not more “traces”.
  • 2. A filtering factor is defined in reservoir of the transfer base, but plant guarantees correspondence of the rate, specified in standard specifications.
  • 3. Factor on points 1, 7, 8, 9, 15 are defined seasonally, once at 10 days.

Turkmenbashy Oil Refinery complex

Hydrotreated Diesel Fuel
No. Description of index figure
1 Mass portion of sulfur,ppm,not more than 0,01(100)
2 Fraction composition:
-95%- ºС, not more than:
3 Cetane index, not less than 50
4 Presence of water, ppm, not more than 200
5 Pour point, ºС, no more than -30
6 Color, not more than
-by ASTM
-by SNT
7 Flash point in close cup, ºС, not less than 62
8 Mass portion of poly aromatics, %, not more than 11
9 Density 15 ºС, kg/m3 not more than 840
10 Mass portion of nitrogen, ppm, not more than 30
11 Copper plate testing ok
12 Filtering factor, not more than 3,0
13 Kinematik viscosity 20 ºС mm2/s (sST) no
14 Ash contents, % weight, not more than 0,25
15 Carbon residue of 10 % remainder, %, not more than 0,005
  • 1. The indicators for items 4.7 are determined periodically, once a month.
  • 2. The indicators for items 9,12,13 are determined periodically, once a decade.
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